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听故事学4000英语词汇85:格陵兰岛的名字是怎么来的?

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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇3 保罗·纳森

Unit 25 Word List

第25单元 单词表

circulate v.

流通

To circulate something is to spread it quickly.

使某物迅速传播。

→ The fan helped to circulate cool air through the room.

风扇有助于降低室内温度。

consequent adj.

随之发生的,作为结果的

Consequent means happening because of a different situation.

由于不同的情况而发生。

→ Her consequent rash came after she touched the poison ivy.

她碰了毒葛之后,身上起了疹子。

derive v.

源于

To derive something from another source means to get it from that thing.

表示由某物产生的。

→ Red's nickname was derived from the color of her hair.

瑞德的绰号得来于她头发的颜色。

drown v.

淹死;溺死

To drown is to die from not being able to breathe underwater.

是指因为不能在水下呼吸而死。

→ He would have drowned if the sailors would not have rescued him.

如果水手们没有救他,他就淹死了。

dynasty n.

王朝,朝代

A dynasty is a series of rulers who are all from the same family.

是一系列来自同一家族的统治者。

→ The ancient Egyptians had a dynasty that lasted for many years.

古埃及人有一个持续多年的王朝。

fraction n.

部分,小部分

A fraction is a small part of something.

是某物的一小部分。

→ Only a fraction of the cake was gone.

只有一小部分蛋糕不见了。

frost n.

Frost is a white layer of ice that forms during very cold weather.

是在非常寒冷的天气里形成的一层白色的冰。

→ In the morning, the trees were all covered with frost.

早晨,树上都结满了霜。

illusion n.

幻觉,错觉

An illusion is something that looks real, but doesn't actually exist.

是看起来真实的但实际上并不存在的东西。

→ Some pictures create an illusion for the eyes.

有些图片给眼睛造成错觉。

invade v.

侵略,入侵

To invade is to take over a place by force.

表示用武力占领一个地方。

→ The enemy forces tried to invade our country through the air.

敌军企图从空中入侵我国。

lieutenant n.

中尉;副官

A lieutenant is a rank in the military or police, or a person with that rank.

是军队或警察的军衔,或具有该军衔的人。

→ The lieutenant was a good leader, and his soldiers respected him.

中尉是个好领导,士兵们都很尊敬他。

marine adj.

海生的;海产的

The word marine describes something related to the sea.

与海洋有关的东西。

→ A healthy ocean is full of marine animals.

健康的海洋有多种多样的海洋动物。

merit n.

优点,价值

The merit of something or someone is their good qualities.

某物或某人的优点。

→ The actor received an award for his merits in the movie.

这位演员因在电影中的出色表现而获奖。

navy n.

海军

A navy is the part of a country's military that fights at sea.

在海上作战的国家军队的一部分。

My country is known for our strong navy.

我国以强大的海军而闻名。

polar adj.

极地的

Polar relates to the cold places on Earth's north and south ends.

地球南北两端的寒冷地区。

→ Only a few people live in the Earth's northern polar region.

只有少数人生活在地球的北极地区。

ray n.

光线

A ray is a line of light that comes from a bright object.

来自明亮物体的一条光线。

→ The sun's warm rays covered the beach.

温暖的阳光洒在海滩上。

resign v.

辞职

To resign means to quit a job.

放弃工作。

→ After I officially resigned from work, I said goodbye to my boss.

正式辞职后,我向老板道别。

suicide n.

自杀

Suicide is the act of killing oneself.

自己杀死自己。

→ Some people feel so sad that they think suicide is the only answer.

有些人很悲观,他们认为自杀是唯一的解脱。

tremble v.

发抖

To tremble is to shake as a result of cold weather.

是由于天气寒冷而颤抖。

→ Harry was not used to the cold, so he trembled most of the day.

哈利不习惯寒冷,所以他一整天都在发抖。

underlying adj.

潜在的

When something is underlying, it is a hidden cause of something else.

隐藏于另一件事背后的。

→ Her underlying fear of flying reduced her traveling options.

她对飞行的潜在恐惧减少了她的旅行选择。

via prep.

经由,通过

To travel via something means to travel through or using something.

穿过或使用某物。

→ We arrived in the city from the airport via the train.

我们从机场乘火车到达市里。

How Did Greenland Get Its Name?

格陵兰岛的名字是怎么来的?

The nation of Greenland isn't very green. The sun's rays don't shine there for three whole months. As a result, it's covered with snow, ice and frost. Then how was the name derived? It started with a Viking named Erik the Red. Erik had many merits. However, there was an underlying problem ... he got angry easily. People were scared of him. However, he was married to the niece of a very powerful man. So everybody tried to be nice to him.

格陵兰这个国家不是很环保。因为整整三个月没有阳光照射,所以遍地白雪皑皑,冰霜覆盖着大地。那么这个名字是怎么来的呢?它始于一个名叫埃里克红色的维京人。埃里克有很多优点。然而,他还有有一个潜在的问题……他很容易生气。人们害怕他。然而,他娶了一个非常有权势的人的侄女为妻。所以每个人都试着对他好。

One day, Erik fought with his neighbor and killed him. His consequent punishment was to leave Iceland.

一天,埃里克和邻居起了争执并把对方杀死。他因此受到的惩罚是离开冰岛。

Many stories circulated about a land west of Iceland. But only a fraction of the people in Iceland believed them. Still, Erik wanted to find it.

许多关于冰岛西部土地的故事广泛流传,但只有一小部分冰岛人相信这些故事。尽管如此,埃里克还是想找到它。

Erik sailed toward the land via the Atlantic Ocean. His marine knowledge was good, but the trip was hard. Some of his men drowned. Erik's lieutenant wanted to resign from his position. Others thought about committing suicide.

埃里克穿过大西洋去往对面的陆地。他拥有丰富的航海知识,但旅途很艰辛。他手下的一些人溺水而死,他的副手也想辞去职务。还有一些人想自杀。

Suddenly, Erik thought he saw something. "I don't believe it," said Erik. "It must be an illusion." But it was no trick—it was the new land!

突然,埃里克觉得他看到了什么。他说:“我不相信,这一定是幻觉。”但这不是幻觉——这是一片新的土地!

Erik trembled in the cold polar air. He saw that there was ice everywhere. He realized that the ice could keep enemies out. Not even the best navy could invade the new land. He could start a new dynasty in his name. But how could he convince people to live here?

埃里克在寒冷的极地空气中瑟瑟发抖。眼睛所及之处都是冰雪。他意识到冰可以作为防御,即使是最好的海军也无法入侵这块新大陆。他可以以自己的名义建立一个新的王朝。但是他怎么能说服人们住在这里呢?

I'll call it ‘Greenland,' he said. Erik's plan worked. Within two years, over a thousand people moved to Greenland. In the end, Greenland got its name all because of a trick.

他说:“我给这块土地命名为‘格陵兰’。”埃里克的计划成功了。两年内,有超过1000人搬到了格陵兰岛。最后,格陵兰岛的名字完全是来自于一场幻觉。

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