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听故事学4000英语词汇89:有趣的生活

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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇3 保罗·纳森

Unit 29 Word List

第29单元 单词表

bomb n.

炸弹

A bomb is an object that explodes and destroys large areas.

是一种爆炸并摧毁大面积区域的物体。

→ The bomb will destroy anything that is near.

炸弹会摧毁附近的一切。

certificate n.

证书,合格证书

A certificate is a document that says that something is true or happened.

证明某事是真实的或发生过的文档。

→ I was given a certificate after completing the computer course.

完成计算机课程后,我获得了证书。

circumstance n.

环境;状况;境遇;

A circumstance is an event that makes a situation what it is.

表示所处的环境。

→ There were many circumstances behind their success like hard work.

他们成功的背后有很多因素,比如努力工作。

coffin n.

棺材

A coffin is a box used to bury dead people.

是用来埋葬死人的盒子。

→ When a person passes away, they are usually buried inside of a coffin.

人去世后通常装进棺材里下葬。

cope v.

处理

To cope with a difficult or stressful situation means to deal with it.

表示应对。

→ He copes with work stress by exercising three or four times a week.

他通过每周锻炼三到四次来应对工作压力。

criticism n.

批评;考证;苛求

Criticism is the act of saying that you don't like or approve of something.

不喜欢或不赞成某事的行为。

→ She had a lot of criticism about their new plan.

她对他们的新计划提出了很多批评。

devastate v.

毁灭

To devastate something means to completely destroy it.

表示完全摧毁。

→ The entire wall was devastated.

整面墙都被摧毁了。

frown v.

皱眉

To frown is to make an unhappy look with your face.

显露出不高兴的表情。

→ Melissa frowned when she found out that the party had been cancelled.

得知派对取消的消息,梅丽萨满脸不悦。

gaze v.

凝视

To gaze at something means to look at it for a long time.

表示长时间盯着某物看。

→ We used a telescope to gaze at the stars for over an hour.

我们用望远镜看星星看了一个多小时。

glance v.

一瞥

To glance at something means to look at it quickly.

表示快速地扫视一眼。

→ She glanced behind her to see if he was looking at her.

她回头看了看他是否在盯着自己看。

grief n.

悲痛

Grief is the feeling of deep sadness, usually when a person dies.

一种深深的悲伤,通常是当一个人死去的时候。

→ The grief caused by losing her parents was very difficult for her.

失去父母给她带来的悲痛对她来说是非常痛苦的。

groom n.

新郎

A groom is a man who is going to be married.

将要结婚的男士。

→ The groom looked happy as he walked with his new wife.

新郎和他的新婚妻子走在一起,看上去很高兴。

license n.

执照

A license is an official document that gives one permission to do something.

允许某人做某事的官方文件。

→ In the United States you need a driver's license to drive legally.

在美国,合法驾驶需要驾照。

microscope n.

显微镜

A microscope is a device that makes small objects look bigger.

能将细微物体放大的设备。

→ Germs cannot be seen without a microscope.

不通过显微镜是看不见细菌的。

nuclear adj.

原子能的

When something is nuclear, it relates to the division or joining of atoms.

与原子的分裂或连接有关。

→ Nuclear power plants provide inexpensive energy to cities.

核电站为城市提供廉价的能源。

portray v.

描绘

To portray something means to describe it or show it in a picture.

表示将某物通过图画的形式展现出来。

→ Her picture portrayed the house she grew up in when she was little.

她画出了小时候住的房子。

rotate v.

使旋转

To rotate something means to turn it around in a circle.

使某物转圈。

→ An airplane's propellers rotate quickly to help it fly.

飞机的螺旋桨快速旋转以帮助它飞行。

souvenir n.

纪念品

A souvenir is something you buy to remind you of a place or event.

指购买的用来提醒你某个地方或事件的东西。

→ I bought a Russian doll as a souvenir from my trip to Moscow.

我在莫斯科旅行时买了一个俄罗斯娃娃作为纪念品。

submarine n.

潜水艇

A submarine is a boat that can go underwater for long periods of time.

长时间潜在水下的船。

→ The submarine dove under the sea so the enemy couldn't see it.

潜水艇潜入海底躲避敌人。

trace v.

(尤指用手指、脚趾)画

To trace something means to follow over it with the eyes or a finger.

表示用眼睛或手指跟随做出画的样子。

He traced over the graph with his finger.

他用手指在图表上描了一下。

An Interesting Life

有趣的生活

A man looked through some boxes with his grandson. They were filled with old photographs and objects that portrayed important events from the grandfather's life. He wished to share the circumstances behind each event with his grandson.

一个男人和他的孙子一起翻阅老盒子,里面装满了老照片和描述祖父生活中重要事件的物品。他希望与孙子分享每件事背后的故事。

The grandson, however, thought his grandfather's stories were boring. The grandfather coped with this. He ignored his grandson's criticism.

然而,孙子却觉得祖父的故事很无聊。祖父对此很平静,他没有将孙子的评论放在心上。

He took a photo from the box. "That's the submarine I was on during the war," he explained. The grandson gazed at it.

他从盒子里拿出一张照片并解释说:“这是战时我所在的潜水艇。”他的孙子盯着照片看了许久。

The grandfather glanced at the next picture and frowned. It showed a row of coffins. His grandson noticed the grief in his grandfather's face.

祖父看着下一张照片,不禁邹起了眉头。照片上是一排棺材,孙子注意到祖父脸上流露出的悲痛之情。

What is it? the boy inquired.

“这是怎么回事?”他问道。

This was after a nuclear bomb was dropped, the grandfather answered. "It devastated a city."

祖父回答说:“这是核弹投下城市之后的场景,整座城市都被摧毁了。”

Next the grandfather pulled a toy microscope from the box and rotated it in his hand.

接着,祖父从盒子里拿出一个玩具显微镜并用手转动着它。

Where did you get that? the grandson asked.

“你从哪儿弄来的?”孙子问。

This is a souvenir I bought at the science museum, the grandfather said.

“这是我在科学博物馆买的纪念品,”爷爷说。

Now the boy was really interested. He started to understand that his grandfather was telling him a larger story. It was the story of his grandfather's life.

现在男孩是真的对此体现出兴趣来了。他开始明白祖父对自己所说的是一个更大的故事,那就是祖父一生的故事。

He got another photo. It showed a young bride and groom. They were very happy. A certificate was attached to the photo. The boy couldn't read it, but he traced his finger over paper.

他拿出了另一张照片,照片上是一对年轻的夫妻,他们看起来非常开心。上面还贴着一张证书。男孩不认识上面写了什么,但他用手在上面圈圈画画。

What's this from, Granddad? he asked.

“爷爷,这是什么?”他问。

That's my marriage license from the day I married your grandmother, the grandfather said.

“这是我和你祖母结婚那天的结婚证,”祖父说。

Wow! said the boy. "Granddad, now I know all about your life!"

“哇!”男孩说。“爷爷,现在我算是了解了您一生的故事了!”

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