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听故事学4000英语词汇136:降落伞的历史

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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 16 Word List

第16单元 单词表

addict n.

成迷的人

An addict is a person who cannot stop doing or having something.

指不能停止做某事或拥有某物的人。

→ She was a coffee addict. She had more than three cups each day.

她是个咖啡迷。她每天喝三杯以上。

archeological adj.

考古学的

When something is archeological, it relates to archeology.

指与考古学科有关的。

→ They found archeological evidence that proved an ancient species of man.

他们发现了考古学证据,证明了人类是一个古老的物种。

archeology n.

考古学

Archeology is the study of ancient people through their artifacts.

通过古器物来研究古人的学科。

→ He studied archeology to learn more about ancient Egyptian culture.

他学习考古学是为了更多地了解古埃及文化。

brainstorm v.

集体讨论

To brainstorm is to have a lot of ideas about a certain topic.

对某个话题有很多想法。

→ The students met after school to brainstorm ideas for their assignment.

学生们放学后聚在一起为他们的作业集思广益。

budget n.

预算

A budget is the amount of money available to spend on something.

指可以花在某件事上的钱。

→ His budget for food was very tight.

他的食物预算很紧张。

chaotic adi.

混乱的

When something is chaotic, it is crazy, confused, and hectic.

指某事疯狂的、忙乱的。

→ The first day of school can be chaotic for a new student.

对新生来说,开学第一天可能会很混乱。

cite v.

引用

To cite something is to mention it as an example or as proof of something.

把它作为例子或者证明某事。

→ She cited six reasons that the school needed to build new classrooms.

她列举了学校需要建造新教室的六个理由。

correspond v.

符合

To correspond is to match or to be similar to something.

指匹配或与某物相似。

→ The boy's story didn't correspond with his mother's version.

这个男孩的故事与他母亲的说法不相符。

courtyard n.

庭院

A courtyard is an outdoor area that is surrounded by the walls of a building.

一个被建筑物墙壁环绕的户外区域。

→ During the summer, the courtyard is a nice place to have lunch.

在夏天,庭院是一个吃午饭的好地方。

estate n.

房地产

An estate is a large area of land owned by a family or organization.

一个家庭或公司拥有的大片土地。

→ He lived on his father's estate in the country.

他住在乡下他父亲的庄园里。

fraud n.

欺骗

Fraud is the crime of gaining money by lying or by tricking people.

通过说谎或欺骗他人来获取钱财的犯罪。

→ Experts say that credit card fraud increases around the holidays.

专家表示,假期前后信用卡诈骗行为有所增加。

hydrogen n.

[化学] 氢

Hydrogen is a gas that has no taste, color, or smell.

一种没有味道、颜色或气味的气体。

→ Balloons filled with hydrogen can easily float away if you aren't careful.

一不小心,充有氢气的气球就很容易飘走。

integrity n.

正直

Integrity is honesty and good morals.

诚实和良好的道德。

→ The principal had a lot of integrity.

校长很正直。

knit v.

编织

To knit is to make fabric by connecting strings together.

把线串在一起织成织物。

→ My grandmother knitted me a sweater.

我祖母给我织了一件毛衣。

outlook n.

观点

An outlook is a person's opinion or way of thinking about something.

一个人对某事的看法或思考方式。

→ He changed his outlook about rats after he read a book about them.

读了一本关于老鼠的书后,他改变了对老鼠的看法。

parachute n.

降落伞

A parachute is a device that helps people and things fall to the ground safely.

一种帮助人和物安全降落到地面的装置。

→ They used parachutes dropped from airplanes to send supplies to the civilians.

他们通过降落伞向平民空投物资。

prehistoric adj.

史前的

When something is prehistoric, it is from a time when there was no written history.

一个没有书面历史的时代。

→ The scientists found prehistoric pots used by the people in the area.

科学家们发现了该地区人们使用的史前陶器。

proponent n.

支持者

A proponent is a person who supports an idea or a plan.

指支持一个想法或计划的人。

→ He was a proponent of using environmentally friendly products.

他是使用环保产品的支持者。

refine v.

精炼

To refine something is to make it better by making changes.

通过改变使某物变得更好。

→ The principal refined his method of controlling students over the years.

校长多年来改进了管理学生的方法。

restrict v.

限制

To restrict is to limit something and prevent it from getting bigger.

限制某物变得更大。

→ The club restricted the amount of members.

俱乐部限制了会员人数。

The History of Parachutes

降落伞的历史

Scientists who study archeology say that there may be some evidence of prehistoric parachutes. But the first written history of the device comes from China about 2,100 years ago. Scientists cite an ancient book that describes parachutes. However, there is no archeological evidence that proves that an actual parachute was ever made. Later, people from northern Africa and Italy also had ideas about a similar invention. In fact, a Leonardo Da Vinci's drawing corresponds closely with the modern parachute design!

研究考古学的科学家表示可能找到了一些史前降落伞的证据。但该设备最早的书面历史来自2100年前的中国。科学家们引用了一本描述降落伞的古书。然而,没有考古学证据证明当时有真正的降落伞。后来,来自北非和意大利的人们也有了类似的发明。事实上,列奥纳多·达·芬奇的一幅画与现代降落伞的设计非常吻合!

In 1783, French scientist Sebastian Lenormand invented the first modern parachute. Sebastian brainstormed with other scientists to come up with a way to help people jump safely out of burning buildings. He thought the solution was to give people an object to restrict their speed while they traveled toward the ground. Many people thought that he was up to some kind of fraud, but Sebastian had a lot of integrity. His budget was limited, so he first tested his theory by using two umbrellas. He jumped out of a tree and found that the umbrellas worked.

1783年,法国科学家塞巴斯蒂安·勒诺曼德发明了第一个现代降落伞。塞巴斯蒂安和其他科学家们集思广益,想出了一种帮助人们安全跳出发生火灾的建筑物的方法。他认为解决办法是给人们一个物体来减缓他们落地时的速度。许多人认为他在搞什么骗局,但塞巴斯蒂安很诚实。他的预算有限,所以他首先用两把伞来验证他的理论。他从树上跳下来,发现伞还能用。

Next, he refined his invention. Rather than using umbrellas, he knit a large parachute. Finally, he jumped off a tall building on a French estate and landed safely in the courtyard.

接下来,他改进了他的发明。他没有使用伞,而是编织了一个大降落伞。最后,他从一座法国庄园的高楼上跳下,安全降落在院子里。

Sebastian's work gave another man an idea. Jean-Pierre Blanchard had a different outlook than Sebastian. He was a hot air balloon addict. He was one of the first people to ride in a hot air balloon powered by hydrogen gas. He was a proponent of using the parachutes to exit from hot air balloons. Starting in 1785, he used his dog to show that animals could land safely from hot air balloons by using parachutes. Then, in 1793, he was faced with a chaotic experience. The hot air balloon he was riding in burst and started to fall. He was forced to use a parachute himself. And much to his relief, it saved his life!

塞巴斯蒂安的工作给了另一个人一个想法。让-皮埃尔·布兰查德的观点与塞巴斯蒂安不同。他是个热气球迷。他是第一批乘坐氢气动力热气球的人之一。他是用降落伞从热气球上跳伞的支持者。从1785年开始,他用他的狗向人们展示,动物可以使用降落伞安全地从热气球上降落。1793年,他经历了一场浩劫。他乘坐的热气球爆裂了并开始往下掉。他被迫自己使用降落伞。令他大为欣慰的是,他因此活了下来!

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基础单词排行

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