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听故事学4000英语词汇138:士兵的决定

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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 18 Word List

第18单元 单词表

aggressive adj.

侵略性的

If someone is aggressive, then they constantly want to fight.

指某人喜欢争强斗狠的。

→ Nobody liked to playgames with him because he was always too aggressive.

没有人喜欢和他玩游戏,因为他总是太咄咄逼人。

amnesty n.

大赦

Amnesty is a pardon given to prisoners of war.

对战俘的赦免。

→ She was denied amnesty for her involvement in the war.

她因卷入战争而被拒绝赦免。

arena n.

竞技场

An arena is a building where people can watch sports and concerts.

人们可以观看体育比赛和音乐会的建筑。

→ The new arena was all set to hold the championship match.

新竞技场已准备好举行冠军赛。

auditorium n.

礼堂

An auditorium is a large building used for public events.

用于公共活动的大型建筑。

→ People have gathered at the school auditorium to watch the play.

人们聚集在学校礼堂看戏。

captive n.

俘虏

A captive is a prisoner.

指囚犯。

→ The guards told the captive that there was no way he could escape the prison.

看守告诉囚犯他不可能逃出监狱。

combat n.

战斗

Combat is fighting between two people or groups.

两个人或两群人之间的战斗。

→ The two warriors were locked in combat.

这两个战士陷入了缠斗。

commonplace adj.

平凡的

If something is commonplace, then it is ordinary.

指平常的。

→ There is nothing commonplace about the way Morris dresses.

莫里斯的穿着打扮一点也不平庸。

compound n.

混合物

A compound is an enclosed area such as a prison or factory.

一个封闭的区域,如监狱或工厂。

→ The workers waited outside the compound for the gates to the factory to open.

工人们在院子外面等着工厂的大门打开。

corps n.

兵种

A corps is a division of a military force.

军人的一种分类。

→ The army had a corps of archers who trained apart from the regular soldiers.

这支军队有一支弓箭手部队,他们与正规军分开训练。

distract y.

转移

To distract someone means to stop them from concentrating on something.

指不专注于某事的。

→ The phone call distracted him so much that he forgot all about his homework.

电话让他分心了,以至于他把作业全忘了。

dumb adj.

哑的

If someone is dumb, they are unable to speak.

指不能说话的。

→ She did not share the secret. She remained silent as if she were dumb.

她没有透露这个秘密,就像个哑巴一样守口如瓶。

foe n.

敌人

A foe is an enemy or opponent.

指敌人或对手。

→ It was hard to believe that anyone could be his foe.

很难相信有人会成为他的敌人。

hack v.

To hack something means to cut it into uneven pieces.

意思是把东西切成不平整的碎片。

→ My uncle used the ax to hack the tree into many logs.

我叔叔用斧头把树砍成许多段。

meditate v.

考虑

To meditate means to focus or think deeply in silence.

意思是在沉默中集中注意力或深入思考。

→ She liked to meditate for several hours of each day.

她喜欢每天冥想几个小时。

nick v.

在……上刻痕

To nick someone means to cut them slightly with a sharp object.

意思是用锋利的东西轻轻地割。

→ While cutting the carrots, the cook nicked his finger with the edge of his knife.

在切胡萝卜的时候,厨师的手指被划伤了。

provoke v.

驱使

To provoke someone means to annoy them on purpose to cause violence.

指故意激怒某人使用暴力。

→ The older boy provoked Paul by calling him mean names.

那个大男孩辱骂保罗,激怒了他。

realm n.

领域

A realm is any area of activity or interest.

指任意一种活动或兴趣。

→ He was not very active in the realm of business.

他在商业领域不是很活跃。

reign n.

君主统治时期

A reign is the period of time in which a ruler rules.

某个统治者统治的时期。

→ The emperor's reign lasted for only two years.

皇帝的统治只持续了两年。

rust n.

Rust is a red and brown coating on iron objects caused by water and air.

一种由水和空气引起的铁质物体上的红色和棕色涂层。

→ The old metal gate would not swing because the hinges were covered in rust.

那扇旧铁门不能转动,因为合页生锈了。

sacred adj.

神的

If something is sacred, then it is worshipped and respected.

指会受到崇拜和尊重的。

→ One religion in India will not harm cows because it believes that they are sacred.

印度有一种宗教不会伤害牛,因为它认为牛是神圣的。

The Soldier's Decision

士兵的决定

A soldier was captured while fighting in an enemy king's land. It was well known that this king would make captives fight one another. This was commonplace during his reign. For these fights, the king had built several large arenas. He often awarded the winners by setting them free or even having them join his elite army corps.

一名士兵在敌国作战时被俘。众所周知,这位国王会让俘虏们互相争斗。这在他统治期间是司空见惯的。为此,国王建造了几个大竞技场。他经常奖励获奖者,放他们自由,甚至让他们加入他的精锐部队。

The soldier, however, decided he had seen too much violence. He now felt that all life was sacred. The night before his first match, he made a risky decision. He decided that he would not engage in combat. He knew he may never be set free, but it was a decision that he was willing to accept.

然而,这名士兵认为他看到的暴力太多了。他现在觉得所有的生命都是神圣的。在首场比赛的前一天晚上,他做出了一个冒险的决定。他决定不参加战斗。他知道自己可能永远不会被释放,但他愿意接受这个决定。

In the morning, he was led from the prisoners' compound to one of the king's arenas. A gate coated in rust stood between him and the auditorium's floor. He was worried, but he knew what he had to do.

第二天早上,他被从监狱带到国王的竞技场。在他和礼堂之间有一扇铁门。他很担心,但他知道他必须做什么。

When the gate opened, he calmly walked to the center of the arena and sat. He started to meditate. His foe Darius, who was skilled in the realm of sword fighting and was typically not very aggressive, would not fight the quiet soldier until he attacked Darius first.

当大门打开时,他平静地走到舞台中央坐下,开始冥想。他的敌人大流士擅长剑术,通常不太好胜,在他先攻击大流士之前,他不会和这个安静的士兵战斗。

Darius tried to provoke him by hacking at the air close to his head with his sword. But the soldier was not distracted. He sat quietly, as if he were dumb, and looked calmly up at the sky. Even when Darius nicked him on the cheek with the edge of his sword, the soldier did not move.

大流士想要激怒他,就用剑向他头部附近空砍。但是士兵并没有分心。他静静地坐着,就像个哑巴,平静地仰望着天空。即使大流士用刀划他的脸,他也岿然不动。

At last he threw down his sword and shield and gave up. "I can't fight someone who refuses to fight me!" Darius shouted to the king.

最后,大流士扔掉了他的剑和盾,放弃了。“我不能和一个拒绝和我战斗的人战斗!”大流士向国王喊道。

The king was very impressed with the soldier. Never in any battle had he seen someone so brave. As a result, he gave the peaceful soldier amnesty. The soldier's actions proved to the king and everyone in the arena that peace was more powerful than fighting.

国王对这个士兵印象深刻。他从未在任何战斗中见过如此勇敢的人。结果,他赦免了这名士兵。士兵的行为向国王和所有在场的人证明了和平比战斗更强大。

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